Chiana, nacionalismo, intelectuales Han, racismo anti-Manchu
During the last decade of the 19th century, the intelectual movement in China became more acute due to the political-economic crisis that the Chinese Empire was experiencing. The ideas of social Darwinism and nationalism came to China through various translations that exposed not only the original theories, but also criticized and elaborated interpretations of their own that were widely discussed among intellectuals. In an attempt to nd better spaces for study and discussion, moved by the search for a change of government, or fleeing political persecution in China, Han Chinese intellectuals found in Japan the possibility of constructing a discourse that served their purposes. Interpretations of terms like “race” and “nation” gave opportunity for the configuration of the first theories of ethnic identication in China, manifested in the anti-Manchu speeches of the Han nationalists, among which were Liang Qichao, Tan Sitong, Zhang Binglin, Chen Tianhua and Zou Rong. The objective of this article is to review the main theoretical constructions of this group of intellectuals, from which derived the nationalist discourse that put an end to the old Chinese dynastic imperial government scheme at the beginning of the 20th century.
Campos, Ivonne. (2017). "Racismo, nacionalismo y etnicidad: intelectuales Han concibiendo la Revolución Nacionalista China", MITOLOGICAS, Vol. XXXII, Bs. As., pp. 37-56.
Ivonne Campos, “"Racismo, nacionalismo y etnicidad: intelectuales Han concibiendo la Revolución Nacionalista China" ,” Red INTEGRA, consulta 26 de agosto de 2019, http://biblioteca.redintegra.org/items/show/389.